Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK)
The Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) regulates and grants licenses for the use of radiation in Finland. It was established in 1958 and a decade later STUK was assigned to monitor the nuclear safety. STUK operates under the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health with the purpose of preventing and limiting the adverse effects of radiation, controlling the safety of the use of radiation and nuclear energy, and engaging in associated research, education and communications. The goal is to keep the radiation exposure of the Finnish population as low as reasonably achievable and the level of radiation safety as high as possible, while preventing radiation and nuclear accidents.
STUK has a budget of about 37.5 million EUR per year and the work is financed by regulatory oversight fees and tax payments via the government budget.
STUKs regulation operations are based on legislation, safety regulations and guidelines related to radiation and nuclear safety. STUK monitors the presence of radiation in the environment round the clock and maintains 24-hour emergency preparedness for nuclear accidents and other radiation hazard occurrences. In the case of a radiation accident STUK acts as the expert authority, co-operating with other authorities, organizations and experts.
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